呢喃
The Clavien-Dindo Classification The therapy used to correct a specific complication is the basis of this classification in order to rank a complication in an objective and reproducible manner. It consists of 7 grades (I, II, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, IVb and V). The introduction of the subclasses a and b allows a contraction of the classification into 5 grades (I, II, III, IV and V) depending on the size of the population observed or the of the focus of a study. Complications that have the potential for long-lasting disability after patient’s discharge (e.g.: paralysis of a voice cord after thyroid surgery) are highlighted in the present classification by a suffix (“d” for disability). This suffix indicates that a follow-up is required to comprehensively evaluate the outcome and related long-term quality of life.